l 地理位置 Location
Pokhara lies in the centre of Kaski District, Gandaki Zone and the Western Development Region. It is also the headquarters of Kaski District, Gandaki Zone as well as Western Development Region. Pokhara is also the second largest city of Nepal with an area of 55.66 km2 and a population of 255,465 according to 2011 census. However, the Pokhara valley has an area of 125 km2. The city is located at an altitude of 727 meters to 980 meters and approximately 200 km west of the country's capital, Kathmandu. Three out of the ten highest mountains in the world — Dhaulagiri, Annapurna and Manaslu — are within 30 miles of the city.
l 优势产业 Competitive industries
In recent decades, Pokhara has become a major tourist destination in the world, it is even known as tourism capital of Nepal. In South Asia mainly for adventure tourism and the base for the famous Annapurna Circuit trek. Thus, a major contribution to the local economy comes from the tourism and hospitality industry. A lot of tourists visit Pokhara every year. Tourism industry is one of major source of income for local people and the city. Tourism, service sector & manufacturing contributes approximately 58% to the economy, remittances about 20% and the agriculture nearly 16%.
l 旅游资源 Tourism sources
博卡拉，尼泊尔最为盛名的风景地。城内有很多中世纪的寺庙以及古老的尼瓦尔人建筑。以费瓦湖（Phewa Lake）和其北部安娜普尔娜山脉（Mt Annapyrna）以及鱼尾峰（Mt Fishtail）的湖光山色闻名于世。由于位置靠近安纳普尔那山脉，博卡拉还是安纳普尔那环线徒步旅行者通过喜马拉雅山地区ACAP地区的基地。
Pokhara is the most famous tourist destination of Nepal. Many medieval era temples and old newari houses are still a part of the city. It is famous for the landscape of Phewa Lake, Mt Annapyrna and Mt Fishtail. Due to its proximity to the Annapurna mountain range, the city is also a base for trekkers undertaking the Annapurna Circuit through the ACAP region of the Annapurna ranges in the Himalayas.
l 历史文化 History and culture
博卡拉位于中印之间一条重要的古老贸易通道上。17世纪，该市属于Kaski王国的一部分，Kaski是其中一个Chaubise Rajya（尼泊尔24个王国之一，沙阿王朝一个分支统治）。如今博卡拉周围的很多山上还有那个时期的中世纪遗迹。1786年，Prithvi Narayan Shah将博卡拉纳入其统治之下。自此之后，博卡拉成为从加德满都到久姆拉以及从印度到西藏的交易通道上的重要交易场所。自1950年西藏回归中国之后引发了1962年中印战争之后，从印度通过博卡拉到西藏的古老贸易路线已经废止。如今只有极少量的大篷车从Mustang驶入Bagar。
Pokhara lies on an important old trading route between China and India. In the 17th century it was part of the Kingdom of Kaski which was one of the Chaubise Rajya (24 Kingdoms of Nepal ruled by a branch of the Shah Dynasty). Many of the hills around Pokhara still have medieval ruins from this time. In 1786 Prithvi Narayan Shah added Pokhara into his kingdom. It had by then become an important trading place on the routes from Kathmandu to Jumla and from India to Tibet. After the reunification of Tibet with China in 1950 lead to the Indo-China war in 1962, the old trading route to India from Tibet through Pokhara became defunct.
Since the 1990s Pokhara has experienced rapid urbanization, as a result service sector industries have increasingly contributed to the local economy overtaking the traditional agriculture.
l 城市图片 Pictures